DECONGESTANT

 

    

Nasal Cavity

A decongestant is a medicine that shrinks swollen membranes in the nasal passages to facilitate breathing. They reduce nasal congenstion by causing a narrowing of blood vessels, which results in decreased blood flow to the nasal membranes.

Decongestants come in the form or nasal sprays and pills or capsules that are taken orally. Below are certain medical conditions where these medications are known to produce side effects.

If you have any of these conditions, speak with your physician before taking decongestants. Nasal decongestant sprays and eye drops only should be used for a period of 3-5 days, as prolonged use can lead to dependence. If the drug is then stopped, a rebound effect can occur, which causes the nasal congestion and other symptoms to worsen.

 

Additional Information about Decongestants

Decongestants: OTC Relief for Congestion from the American Academy of Family Physicians

Antihistamines, Decongestants, and Cold Remedies from the American Academy of Otolaryngology

 

Related Topics

Expectorant

Hay Fever

Nasopharyngitis

Sinusitis

 

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